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  1. Essential text for this module 3 items
    1. (God) after Auschwitz : Tradition and Change in Post-Holocaust Jewish Thought - Zachary Braiterman 1998

      Book Essential A complex text and not the place to start, but this is one of the more sophisticated and influential analyses of JRR, considered by Richard Rubenstein to be one of the best studies of the subject. Contains excellent chapte4rs on anti-theodicy, Rubenstein and Fackenheim. For an overview of JRR, read pp. 3-34 & 60-84.

    2. (God) after Auschwitz: tradition and change in post-Holocaust Jewish thought - Zachary Braiterman 1998

      Book Essential A complex text and not the place to start, but this is one of the more sophisticated and influential analyses of JRR, considered by Richard Rubenstein to be one of the best studies of the subject. Contains excellent chapte4rs on anti-theodicy, Rubenstein and Fackenheim. For an overview of JRR, read pp. 3-34 & 60-84.

    3. Wrestling with God : Jewish Theological Responses during and after the Holocaust 2007

      Book Essential A superb comprehensive anthology on JRR; unusual in including sections on Orthodox and on Israeli responses. The introductions to the three parts of the book provide a good starting point (pp. 11-26, 205-15, 355-69) and the extracts from most of the writers we will be looking at are included. If you are going to buy one book for this module this should be it!

  2. Introductory/general resources on Jewish religious responses to the Holocaust 51 items
    1. The following anthologies provide a good general overview of the topic and some key issues 4 items
      1. Holocaust: religious and philosophical implications - Michael Berenbaum, John K. Roth 1989

        Book Background A good introductory survey, but extracts are brief and therefore only give a flavour of the thought of the writer. It is also now a little dated.

      2. Holocaust theology: a reader - Dan Cohn-Sherbok 2002

        Book Background A useful introductory survey but as extracts do not rely solely on this, particularly when researching your assessed essay.

      3. Contemporary Jewish religious responses to the Shoah - Steven L. Jacobs 1993

        Book Background Useful collection of essays by different contributors to JRR

      4. Fifty key thinkers on the Holocaust and genocide - Paul R. Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs 2011

        Book Background Includes brief biographies and evaluations of key contributors to JRR

    2. Overviews / Introductory Resources 5 items
      1. The Oxford handbook of holocaust studies - Peter Hayes, John K. Roth 2010

        Book Recommended Available as both an ebook and in hard copy. For context, read Dan Michman, 'Jews' (pp. 185-202) and Michael Berenbaum, 'Judaism' (pp. 607-619)

      2. The Oxford Handbook of Holocaust Studies   Less... MorepersecutionmurderNazi regimeHolocaustethicsreligionperpetratorsvictimsbystandersagency

        Book Recommended Available as both an ebook and in hard copy. For context, read Dan Michman, 'Jews' (pp. 185-202) and Michael Berenbaum, 'Judaism' (pp. 607-619)

      3. Studies in Contemporary Jewry, Volume XIII : Volume XIII: The Fate of the European Jews, 1939-1945: Continuity or Contingency? - Jonathan Frankel 1998

        Book Recommended Read Dan Michman, ‘Understanding the Jewish dimension of the Holocaust’ (pp. 225-49)

      4. The fate of the European Jews, 1939-1945: continuity or contingency? - Jonathan Frankel, Universitah ha-Ìvrit bi-Yerushalayim. Makhon le-Yahadut zemanenu 1997

        Book Recommended Read Dan Michman, ‘Understanding the Jewish dimension of the Holocaust’ (pp. 225-49)

      5. Jewish identities in the new Europe - Jonathan Webber, Littman Library of Jewish Civilization, Oxford Centre for Postgraduate Hebrew Studies 1994

        Book Background Read Evyatar, Friesel, "The Holocaust as a factor in comtemporary Jewish consciousness", pp. 228-34.

    3. Introductions/Surveys - key texts 29 items
      1. Interpreters of Judaism in the late twentieth century - Steven T. Katz c1993

        Book Recommended A little dated but remains an important collection of essays by experts in the field analysing key thinkers in JRR such as Berkovits, Fackenheim, Hutner, Rubenstein, Soloveitchik & Wiesel.

      2. The impact of the Holocaust on Jewish theology - Steven T. Katz 2005

        Book Recommended Essays from a variety of perspectives including Orthodox writers; Katz’ own essay is an excellent critical survey and is an up-to-date version of his critique of Berkovits, Fackenheim and Rubenstein.

      3. Post-holocaust dialogues: critical studies in modern Jewish thought - Steven T. Katz 1983

        Book Background A little dated and not the easiest to follow but contains important critiques of Fackenheim and Rubenstein.

      4. Beyond Auschwitz: post-Holocaust Jewish thought in America - Michael L. Morgan 2001

        Book Recommended Written by a former student of Fackenheim; strongest on Fackenheim, but also worth reading on Berkovits and Rubenstein. Available both as an ebook and in hard copy

      5. Beyond Auschwitz - Michael L. Morgan 25/10/2001

        Book Recommended Written by a former student of Fackenheim; strongest on Fackenheim, but also worth reading on Berkovits and Rubenstein. Available both as an ebook and in hard copy

      6. Rethinking the Holocaust - Yehuda Bauer 2001

        Book Essential Read the chapter 'God the surgeon' (pp. 186-212)

      7. Holocaust and history : a theological reflection - Berger, A.

        Article Recommended Published in Journal of Ecumenical Studies 25:2 (1988): 194-211

      8. Post-Holocaust : Interpretation, Misinterpretation, and the Claims of History - Berel Lang 2005

        Book Recommended Read the essay "Evil, suffering, and the Holocaust" (pp. 32-51)

      9. Post-Holocaust: interpretation, misinterpretation, and the claims of history - Berel Lang 2005

        Book Recommended Read the essay "Evil, suffering, and the Holocaust" (pp. 32-51)

      10. Admitting the Holocaust: collected essays - Lawrence L. Langer 1995

        Book Recommended Read the "Beyond Theodicy: Jewish Victims and the Holocaust" (pp. 25-30), a provocative analysis of religious responses to the Holocaust. Available both as an ebook and in hard copy.

      11. Admitting the Holocaust : Collected Essays - Lawrence L. Langer 1995

        Book Recommended Read the "Beyond Theodicy: Jewish Victims and the Holocaust" (pp. 25-30), a provocative analysis of religious responses to the Holocaust. Available both as an ebook and in hard copy.

      12. Approaches to Auschwitz: the Holocaust and its legacy - Richard L. Rubenstein, John K. Roth c2003

        Book Recommended NB pp. 292-336. A brief analysis of a number of responses, particularly useful for Rubenstein’s comments on Fackenheim.

      13. Introductions / surveys - further reading 17 items
        1. Encyclopedia Judaica, 2nd ed. 2007 (Gale Virtual Reference Library)

          Book Essential The second edition is available as an electronic resource. Read Steven Katz' entry "Holocaust, The: Jewish Theological Responses", Volume 6.

        2. Gale Virtual Reference Library - Encyclopaedia Judaica

          Book Essential The second edition is available as an electronic resource. Read Steven Katz' entry "Holocaust, The: Jewish Theological Responses", Volume 6.

        3. An Arthur A. Cohen reader: selected fiction and writings on Judaism, theology, literature, and culture - Arthur Allen Cohen, Paul R. Mendes-Flohr, David Stern 1998

          Book Recommended Read "Thinking the Tremendum: Some Theological Implications of the Death Camps" (pp. 234-249), an influential essay by an early contributor to JRR

        4. God, the Past and Auschwitz: Jewish Holocaust Theologians’ Engagement with History - Daniel R. Langton

          Article Recommended Published in Holocaust Studies 17:1 (2011): 29-62

        5. After the Holocaust: challenging the myth of silence - David Cesarani, Eric J. Sundquist c2012

          Book Recommended Read John K Roth's essay "If God was silent, absent, dead, or nonexistent, what about philosophy and theology? Some aftereffects and aftershocks of the Holocaust" (pp. 139-151)

        6. A Holocaust reader: responses to the Nazi extermination - Michael L. Morgan 2001

          Book Recommended Read Amos Funkenstein's essay "Theological implications of the Holocaust" (pp. 32-51), an influential early survey of JRR

        7. Amidst mass atrocity and the rubble of theology: searching for a viable theodicy - Peter Admirand c2012

          Book Background Read the chapter "Jewish post-Shoah theodicy and antitheodicy" (pp. 184-216)

        8. Religion at ground zero: theological responses to times of crisis - Christopher Craig Brittain c2011

          Book Background Read the chapter "Jewish theological responses to the Shoah" (pp. 62-84)

        9. Theology after the Shoah: The Transformation of the Core Paradigm - Greenberg, I.

          Article Background Article by an influential contributor to JRR, published in Modern Judaism 26:3 (2006): 213-239

        10. New perspectives on the Holocaust: a guide for teachers and scholars - Rochelle L. Millen c1996

          Book Background Read Steven Jacobs' essay "Post-Holocaust Jewish theology: identifying the categories" (pp. 287-93).

        11. Fire in the ashes: God, Evil, and the Holocaust - David Patterson, John K. Roth 2006

          Book Background

        12. Open wounds [electronic resource] : the crisis of Jewish thought in the aftermath of Auschwitz - Patterson, David 1948- 2006

          Book Background Read pp. 3-31 & 55-62. Available as an ebook and in hard copy

        13. Writing the Holocaust - Jean-Marc Dreyfus, Daniel R. Langton 2011

          Book Background Read Daniel Langton's survey "Theology" (pp. 76-99)

        14. Wrestling until day-break: searching for meaning in the thinking on the Holocaust - Eliezer Schweid, Merkaz ha-Yerushalmi le-i̋nyene tsibur u-medinah c1994

          Book Background Read Eliezer Schweid "The holocaust as a challenge to Jewish religious thinking in our age", (pp. 330-65)

        15. Judaism and world religion - Norman Solomon 1991

          Book Background Read Norman Solomon's chapter discussing JRR from a modern Orthodox perspective, "Shoah and theology of suffering" (pp. 173-200)

        16. Dare we speak of God in public?: the Edward Cadbury Lectures, 1993-94 - Frances M. Young 1995

          Book Recommended Read Isabel Wollaston's essay I. "Religious language after the Holocaust" (pp. 80-89)

    4. The Holocaust/Holocaust testimony as sacred text 4 items
      1. Remembering for the future: the Holocaust in an age of genocides - Margot Levy, Elisabeth Maxwell, John K. Roth 2001

        Book Recommended Read the essay by Marvin Prosono, "The Holocaust as a sacred text: can the memory of the Holocaust be tamed and regularized?", Volume 3: Memory (pp. 383-93)

      2. ‘A New Collection of Holy Scriptures’? Assessing Three Ascriptions of the Sacred to Holocaust Testimony within Jewish Theology - David Tollerton

        Article Recommended A useful survey of JRR, publlshed in Holocaust Studies 14:3 (2008): 383-393

      3. Zoë Waxman, Testimonies as Sacred Texts: The Sanctification of Holocaust Writing

        Article Recommended Past and Present 206, suppl 5, 2010, pp. 321-341. Accessible online via FindIt@Bham

      4. The Sociology of sacred texts - Jon Davies, Isabel Wollaston c1993

        Book Recommended Read Isabel Wollaston's essay "Memory and Monument: Holocaust Testimony as Sacred Text" (pp. 37-44)

    5. The impact of the Holocaust on survivors' faith and the faith of second generation (children of survivors) 9 items
      1. Faith and doubt of holocaust survivors - Robert Reeve Brenner 1997

        Book Recommended

      2. The aftermath: living with the Holocaust - Aaron Hass 1995

        Book Background Read the chapter "Was God watching this?" (pp. 143-160)

      3. Of Parchment and Ink: Varieties of Survivor Religious Responses to the Holocaust - Sidney Bolkosky

        Article Background Published in Journal of Holocaust Education 6:2 (1997): 1-35

      4. God, faith & identity from the ashes: reflections of children and grandchildren of Holocaust survivors 2014

        Book Background Collection of essays edited by an influential member of the second generation (children of Holocaust survivors)

      5. Out of the depths: the story of a child of Buchenwald who returned home at last - Y. M. Laʼu 2011

        Book Recommended Memoir by a child survivor who went on to become Chief Rabbi of Israel, and is currently Chairman of Yad Vashem's Council. A close friend of Elie Wiesel (they were both liberated from the Little Camp in Buchenwald)

      6. From the depths I call - Lea Fuchs Chayen 2000

        Book Background Memoir written from an Orthodox perspective, NB pp. 28-104

      7. The book and the sword: a life of learning in the shadow of destruction - David Halivni 1996

        Book Background Memoir written from an Orthodox perspective by a friend and contemporary of Elie Wiesel, from the same hometown (Sighet)

      8. The fire and the light - Herman Kahan, Knut M. Hansson 2006

        Book Background Memoir written from an Orthodox perspective by a friend and contemporary of Elie Wiesel, from the same hometown (Sighet)

      9. Shattered faith: a Holocaust legacy - Leon Weliczker Wells c1995

        Book Background

  3. The impact of the Holocaust on Judaism and Jewish life 4 items
    1. Reference 1 item
      1. The Encyclopedia of Jewish life before and during the Holocaust - Shmuel Spector, Geoffrey Wigoder, Yad ṿa-shem, rashut ha-zikaron la-Shoah ṿela-gevurah 2001

        Book Background 3 volumes

    2. Context - The Jewish World on the Eve of/during the Holocaust 3 items
      1. The death of the shtetl - Yehuda Bauer 2009

        Book Background NB pp. 1-12, 152-169

      2. Shtetl: a vernacular intellectual history - Jeffrey Shandler 2014

        Book Background A good recent study of the significance of the shtetl in the Jewish imagination

  4. Yizkor Books/'memory'/memorial books and the 'literature of destruction' 12 items
    1. Contemporary Jewish religious thought: original essays on critical concepts, movements, and beliefs - Arthur Allen Cohen, Paul R. Mendes-Flohr 1988

      Book Recommended Read Alan Mintz' essay on "Catastrophe" and David Roskies' essay on "Memory"

    2. Collect and record!: Jewish Holocaust documentation in early postwar Europe - Laura Jockusch c2012

      Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Khurbn-Forschung: History writing as a Jewish response to catastrophe' (pp. 18-45). Accessible as an ebook and in hard copy

    3. Collect and Record! - Laura Jockusch 20/09/2012

      Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Khurbn-Forschung: History writing as a Jewish response to catastrophe' (pp. 18-45). Accessible as an ebook and in hard copy

    4. The Jewish search for a usable past - David G. Roskies 1999

      Book Recommended Read the chapters "The Jewish search for a usable past" (pp. 1-16), and "The Shtetl in Jewish and collective memory" (pp. 41-66)

    5. Holocaust remembrance: the shapes of memory - Geoffrey H. Hartman 1994

      Book Recommended Read Annette Wieviorka's essay 'On testimony' (pp. 33-41)

    6. The literature of destruction: Jewish responses to catastrophe - David G. Roskies 1988, c1989

      Book Background

    7. Yizkor Book Project

      Webpage Background Website : Jewish Gen

    8. From a ruined garden: the memorial books of Polish Jewry - Zachary M. Baker, Jonathan Boyarin, Jack Kugelmass, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum c1998

      Book Background A useful collection from Yizkor books

    9. The Complete black book of Russian Jewry - Il'ya Érenburg, Vasiliĭ Semënovich Grossman, David Patterson 2001

      Book Background

    10. The shaping of Israeli identity: myth, memory and trauma - David Ohana, Robert S. Wistrich 1995

      Book Recommended Read Judith Tydor Baumel's essay, '"In everlasting memory": Individual and Communal Holocaust commemoration in Israel' (pp. 146-70)

    11. The Holocaust and the book: destruction and preservation - Jonathan Rose c2001

      Book Background Read Rosemary Horowitz' essay "Reading and writing during the Holocaust as described in Yizker books" (pp. 128-142)

  5. Biblical/Classical Jewish Responses to Suffering and Catastrophe 6 items
    1. Arguing with God: a Jewish tradition - Anson Laytner c1990

      Book Recommended An influential book, well worth dipping into

    2. Responses to suffering in classical rabbinic literature - David Kraemer 1995

      Book Recommended Read pp. 3-50 & 211-23.

    3. Reading the rabbis: the Talmud as literature - David Kraemer 1996

      Book Recommended Read pp. 124-41.

    4. Amidst mass atrocity and the rubble of theology: searching for a viable theodicy - Peter Admirand c2012

      Book Background Read the chapter ‘The Jewish tradition of arguing with God’ (pp. 169-183)

    5. A living covenant: the innovative spirit in traditional Judaism - David Hartman c1985

      Book Background Read pp. 183-203.

    6. Evil and suffering in Jewish philosophy - Leaman, Oliver 1950- author. 1995

      Book Background Available both as an ebook and in hard copy

  6. Surveys and analyses of spiritual/religious responses during the Holocaust 3 items
    1. The encyclopedia of Judaism - Alan J. Avery-Peck, William Scott Green, Jacob Neusner 1999

      Book Recommended Read Zev Garber, "Holocaust, the practice of Judaism during", olume I, pp. 420-434

    2. With God in hell: Judaism in the ghettos and deathcamps - Eliezer Berkovits c1979

      Book Recommended Read pp. 35-48, 95-112

    3. The Unconquerable spirit: vignettes of the Jewish religious spirit the Nazis could not destroy - Gertrude Hirschler, Simon Zuker 1980, c1981

      Book Background Read pp. 67-136

  7. Orthodox Responses during the Holocaust - Primary texts 18 items
    1. Kiddush Hashem: Jewish religious and cultural life in Poland during the Holocaust - Shimon Huberband, Jeffrey S. Gurock, Robert S. Hirt 1987

      Book Recommended NB Part III: Jewish religious life in Nazi-occupied Europe (pp. 175-243) and Part IV On the destruction of East European Jewry (pp. 247-334)

    2. The annihilation of Lithuanian Jewry - Efroim Oshry c1995

      Book Recommended An influential memori of the Holocaust in Lithuania, by a survivor who became one of the most influential writers of halakhic responses to the Holocaust.

    3. Sacred Fire: Torah from the years of fury 1939-1942 - Deborah Miller, J. Hershy Worch, Ḳalonimus Ḳalmish ben Elimelekh c2000

      Book Recommended

    4. Reb Elchonon: the life and ideals of Rabbi Elchonon Bunim Wasserman of Baranovich - Aharon Sorsḳi c1982

      Book Recommended p. 329-412

    5. Em habanim semeha: restoration of Zion as a response during the Holocaust - Yiśakhar Shelomoh Ṭaikhṭel, Pesach Schindler 2000

      Book Recommended

    6. Orthodox Responses during the Holocaust - secondary literature / critical analyses 11 items
      1. Jewish perspectives on the experience of suffering - Shalom Carmy, Orthodox Forum c1999

        Book Recommended Read Yaffa Eliach's essay, 'Popular Jewish responses during the Holocaust and its aftermath' (pp. 297-329)

      2. Orthodox Theological Responses to 'Kristallnacht': Chayyim Ozer Grodzensku )'Achiezer') and Elchonon Wassermann - GERSHON GREENBERG 1988

        Article Recommended Published in Holocaust and Genocide Studies 3:4 (1988): 431-441

      3. Holocaust historiography: a Jewish perspective : conceptualizations, terminology, approaches, and fundamental issues - Dan Mikhman c2003

        Book Recommended Read Part IV: 'Religious Jewry and the Jewish religion' (pp. 251-299)

      4. Hasidic responses to the Holocaust in the light of Hasidic thought - Pesach Schindler 1990

        Book Background Read the chapters 'The problem' (pp. 1-4), 'Suffering and evil' (pp/ 19-28) and 'Exile and redemption (pp. 37--48)

      5. The Esh kodesh of Rabbi Kalonimus Kalmish Shapiro: A Hasidic Treatise on Communal Trauma from the Holocaust - Abramson, H.

        Article Background Published in Transcultural Psychiatry 37:3 (2000): 321-335

      6. The Warsaw Ghetto Rebbe: Diverting God's Gaze from a Utopian End to an Anguished Now - Diamond, J.

        Article Background Published in Modern Judaism 30:3 (2010): 299-331

      7. Ritual Efficacy, Hasidic Mysticism and “Useless Suffering” in the Warsaw Ghetto - Seeman, D.

        Article Background Published in Harvard Theological Review 101 (2008): 465-505

    7. Responsa de profundis - Oshry, Efroim 1914-2003; Sloan, Jacob (Author of introduction, etc., Translator) 1959

      Article Recommended

  8. Post-Holocaust Orthodox responses to the Holocaust 24 items
    1. The historiography of the holocaust period: proceedings of the fifth Yad Vashem International historical conference, Jerusalem, March 1983 - Gideon Grief, Israel Gutman, Yad Vashem International historical conference, Conference 1988

      Book Recommended Read Yaffa Eliach's essay 'The Holocaust - A response to catastrophe' (pp. 719-735)

    2. Crisis and covenant: Jewish thought after the Holocaust - Jonathan Sacks 1992

      Book Recommended Read the chapter 'The valley of the shadow' (pp. 25-53)

    3. ‘Faith, Ethics and the Holocaust’ - IMMANUEL JAKOBOVITS 1988

      Article Recommended Read Immanuel Jakobovits' article 'Some personal, theological and religious responses to the Holocaust', published in Holocaust and Genocide Studies 3:4 (1988): pp. 371-81. Jakobovits was Chief Rabbi at the time he wrote this article.

    4. Theological and halakhic reflections on the Holocaust - Fred S. Heuman, Bernhard H. Rosenberg 1992

      Book Recommended Read Soloveitchik, "Kol Dodi Dofek: the voice of my beloved knocks" (pp. 51-117); Abraham Besdin, 'The Holocaust and the State of Israel: Are they related?' (pp. 137-144); Norman Lamm, 'The face of God: Thoughts on the Holocaust' (pp. 119-136); and Emanuel Rackman, 'Thoughts on the Holocaust' (pp. 145-156).

    5. Fate and destiny: from Holocaust to the State of Israel - Joseph Dov Soloveitchik c2000

      Book Recommended reprint of Soloveitchik's essay 'Kol Dodi Dofek' (noted above)

    6. Holocaust Commemoration in Israel during the 1950s: The Holocaust Cellar on Mount Zion - Doron Bar 2005

      Article Recommended Publsihed in Jewish Social Studies 12:1 (2005), pp. 16-38

    7. After tragedy and triumph: essays in modern Jewish thought and the American experience - Michael Berenbaum 1990

      Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Is the centrality of the Holocaust overemphsized? Two dialogues' (pp. 43-60). Available as an ebook and in hard copy

    8. After Tragedy and Triumph - Michael Berenbaum 1990

      Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Is the centrality of the Holocaust overemphsized? Two dialogues' (pp. 43-60). Available as an ebook and in hard copy

    9. The Holocaust in Contemporary Israeli Haredi Popular Religion - Kimmy Caplan 05/01/2002

      Article Recommended Publsished in Modern Judaism 22:2 (2002), pp. 142-168

    10. Have 'many lies accumulated in history books'? The Holocaust in Ashkenazi Haredi historical consciousness in Israel'

      Article Recommended Published in Yad Vashem Studies 29 (2001), pp. 321-376, accessible online from Yad Vashem's website: http://www.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%202273.pdf.

    11. Menahem Mendel Schneersohn's Response to the Holocaust - G. Greenberg 01/02/2014

      Article Recommended Published in Modern JudaIsm 34:1, pp. 86-122 (2014) - accessible electronically via Project MUSE

    12. 'Amalek's Accomplices' Blaming Zionism for the Holocaust: Anti-Zionist Ultra-Orthodoxy in Israel during the 1980s - Dina Porat 1992

      Article Recommended Published in Journal of Contemporary History 27:4, pp. 695-72

    13. Messianism, Zionism, and Jewish religious radicalism - Aviezer Ravitzky 1996

      Book Recommended Read pp. 40-78 and 211-234

    14. Faith in the future - Jonathan Sacks 1995

      Book Recommended Sacks, J. "On God and Auschwitz" (pp. 237-42). A short useful survey from an Orthodox perspective by the former Chief Rabbi

    15. Holocaust memory in ultra-Orthodox Society in Israel: Is it a “counter-memory”? - Michal Shaul 09/2013

      Article Recommended Published in Journal of Israeli History 32:2 (2013), pp. 219-239

    16. Torah and Taboo: Containing Jewish Relics and Jewish Identity at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum - Oren Baruch Stier 2010

      Article Recommended Published in Numen 57:3/4 (2010), pp. 505-536 - accessible online via JSTOR

    17. A path through the ashes: penetrating analysis and inspiring stories of the Holocaust from a Torah perspective - Nisson Wolpin 1986

      Book Background NB Avrohom Wolf, '...Questions without answers ... Faith without questions...' (pp. 32-38), Yitzchak Hutner, '"Holocaust": A Rosh Yeshiva's response' (pp. 39--55)

    18. Yossel Rakover speaks to God: Holocaust challenges to religious faith - Zvi Kolitz, Yossel Rakover c1995

      Book Background NB Zvi Kolitz. 'Prefatory note' (pp. xvii-xviii) and Emmanuel Levinas, 'To love the Torah more than God' (pp. 27-32)

    19. Faith after the holocaust - Eliezer Berkovits 1973

      Book Background Read pp. 3-667-113, 144-169.

    20. Set apart: the Haredim in Israel - Beck, Mordechai 2010

      Article Background Published in Christian Century (28 December, 2010), pp. 22-35 - accessible online via ATLA in FindIt@Bham

    21. Breaking the tablets: Jewish theology after the Shoah - Daṿid Halivni, Peter Ochs 2007

      Book Background Read the chapter 'Prayer in the Shoah' (pp. 1-41).

    22. A. J. Heschel's Rabbinic Theology as a Response to the Holocaust - Eisen, R.

      Article Background Published in Modern Judaism 23:3 (2003), pp. 211-225 - accessible electronically via Project MUSE or FindIt@Bham.

    23. "Like Pebbles on the Seashore": J. B. Soloveitchik on Suffering - Millen, R.

      Article Background Published in Modern Judaism 24:2 (2004), pp. 150-164 - accessible electronically via Project MUSE or FindIt@Bham

  9. Halakhic responses to the Holocaust and Kiddush hashem / Sanctification of the Divine Name 28 items
    1. Halakhic responses to the Holocaust 6 items
      1. Rabbinic responsa of the Holocaust era - Robert Kirschner 1985

        Book Recommended Read 1-20, 65-87, 111-123, 139-176

      2. Responsa from the Holocaust - Ephraim Oshry, Y. Leiman 1983

        Book Essential Read pp. vii-xiv

      3. The holocaust and halakhah - Irving J. Rosenbaum 1976

        Book Essential Particularly important are pp. 1-16, 17-46, 47-59, 77-89

      4. Poland, what have I to do with thee--: essays without prejudice - Rafael F. Scharf 1998

        Book Recommended Read the essay 'Saints or madmen?'

      5. Holocaust theology - Dan Cohn-Sherbok 1989

        Book Background Read pp. 15-27 (on Ephraim Oshry and halakhic responses)

      6. To live with hope, to die with dignity: spiritual resistance in the ghettos and camps - Joseph Rudavsky c1997

        Book Background Read pp. 69-80

    2. Background/history to Kiddush hashem 6 items
      1. Martyrdom: the psychology, theology, and politics of self-sacrifice - Rona M. Fields, Cóilín Owens 2004

        Book Recommended Read Michael Berenbaum's essay 'Martyrdom: The sanctification of God's Name in Judaism' (pp. 117-135)

      2. Ḥurban: responses to catastrophe in Hebrew literature - Alan L. Mintz 1984

        Book Background Read pp. 84-105

      3. European Jewry and the First Crusade - Robert Chazan c1987

        Book Background pp. 85-168 & 192-222

      4. Sanctifying the name of God: Jewish martyrs and Jewish memories of the First Crusade - Jeremy Cohen 2004

        Book Background pp. 13-30

      5. The book of Jewish values - Louis Jacobs 1984

        Book Background pp. 74-85

    3. Kiddush hashem during the Holocaust 16 items
      1. Rabbinic responsa of the Holocaust era - Robert Kirschner 1985

        Book Essential Read pp. 65-87, 111-123, 139-176

      2. Responsa from the Holocaust - Ephraim Oshry, Y. Leiman 1983

        Book Recommended Read pp. 1--2, 5-7, 14-16, 22-24, 36-37, 78-81, 105-107, 116-119

      3. Kiddush Hashem: Jewish religious and cultural life in Poland during the Holocaust - Shimon Huberband, Jeffrey S. Gurock, Robert S. Hirt 1987

        Book Recommended Read pp. 247-259

      4. Annual 1 Chapter 09 - Simon Wiesenthal Center Multimedia Learning Center

        Webpage Recommended Read Yisrael Gutman's article 'Kiddush Ha-Shem and Kiddush Ha-hayim', published in the Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual 1, chapter 9, available online at http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=394987. Gutman was a leading Israeli Holocaust historian and a survivor of the Warsaw ghetto and Auschwitz.

      5. Messengers of God: biblical portraits andlegends - Elie Wiesel 1994

        Book Recommended Read pp. 69-102

      6. I will be sanctified: religious responses to the Holocaust - Edward Levin c1998

        Book Recommended A very useful collection of essays. Particularly relevant are the essays by Eliyahu Alfasi (pp. 105-114), Avishai Keren (pp. 167-181), Gaor Naor (pp. 89-104), Yosef Roth (pp. 49-60), Dror Schwartz (pp. 139-158), Aryeh Stern (pp. 37-47) and Hayyim Eliezer Weinberg (pp. 115-125)

      7. Faith after the holocaust - Eliezer Berkovits 1973

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'The witness' (pp. 114-143)

      8. With God in hell: Judaism in the ghettos and deathcamps - Eliezer Berkovits c1979

        Book Recommended Read pp. 35-48 & 95-112

      9. The Jewish return into history: reflections in the age of Auschwitz and a new Jerusalem - Emil L. Fackenheim 1978

        Book Recommended Fackenheim, E, 'On the life, death, and transfiguration of martyrdom', pp. 234-251

      10. The Jewish thought of Emil Fackenheim: a reader - Emil L. Fackenheim, Michael L. Morgan 1987

        Book Recommended Fackenheim, E, 'On the life, death and transfiguration of martyrdom', pp. 311-322

      11. To sanctify the name of God: ritual precision and martyrdom in Rabbi Ephraim Oshry’s Holocaust responsa - Nehemia Stern 02/01/2016

        Article Recommended Published in Holocaust Studies22:1 (2016): 100-124

      12. Polin: Studies in Polish Jewery: Vol.13: Focusing on the Holocaust and its aftermath - Antony Polonsky 2000

        Book Recommended Read Jonathan Webber's essay 'Jewish identities in the Holocaust: Martyrdom as a representative category' (pp. 128-146). Available online and in hard copy

      13. Focusing on the Holocaust and its aftermath - Polonsky, Antony. 2010, c2000.

        Book Recommended Read Jonathan Webber's essay 'Jewish identities in the Holocaust: Martyrdom as a representative category' (pp. 128-146). Available online and in hard copy

      14. Representations of Auschwitz: 50 years of photographs, paintings and graphics - Yasmin Doosry 1995

        Book Recommended Read Jonathan Webber's essay 'Jewish martyrdom in the Holocaust' (pp. 71-85)

      15. Did the Holocaust of the Jews counts as martyrdom? - Abel Herzberg 1983

        Article Background Published in Johann Baptist Metz & Edward Schillebeeckx (eds), Martrdom Today, = Concilium 163: 70-73

      16. Contemplating the holocaust - Bernhard H. Rosenberg, Chaim Z. Rozawski 1999

        Book Background Read pp. 17-21, 43-47 & 49-54

  10. Post-Holocaust Jewish biblical hermeneutics 18 items
    1. Dictionary of biblical interpretation - John Haralson Hayes c1999

      Book Recommended Read Tod Linafelt's essay ‘Biblical interpretation and the Holocaust’ in John Hayes (ed.), Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation (Nashville: Abingdon, 1999)), Vol. A-J, pp. 514-15

    2. Christological symbolism of the Holocaust - Amishai-Maisels Ziva 1988

      Article Recommended Excellent article published in Holocaust and Genocide Studies 3:4, pp. 457-81

    3. Facing the abusing God: a theology of protest - David R. Blumenthal c1993

      Book Recommended Read pp. 57-189 & 227-232

    4. Writing and the Holocaust - Aron Appelfeld, Berel Lang 1988

      Book Recommended Read Sidra Ezrahi's essay 'Considering the apocalypse' (pp. 137-153)

    5. REFLECTIONS ON ISAAC - ALVIN H. ROSENFELD 1986

      Article Recommended Article published in Holocaust and Genocide Studies 1:2, pp. 242-48

    6. Against the Apocalypse: responses to catastrophe in modern Jewish culture - David G. Roskies 1984

      Book Recommended Read pp. 15-52, 196-224, 258-310

    7. By words alone: the Holocaust in literature - Sidra DeKoven Ezrahi 1980

      Book Background Read pp. 96-148

    8. The Jewish Bible after the Holocaust: a re-reading - Emil L. Fackenheim c1990

      Book Background

    9. The reintepretation of the Akedah in Modern Hebrew Poetry - Glenda Abrahamson 1990

      Article Background Article published in Journal of Jewish Studies 41: 101-14

    10. Elie Wiesel : Jewish, Literary, and Moral Perspectives - Steven T. Katz 2013

      Book Recommended Read essays by Joel Rosenberg (‘Alone with God: Wiesel’s writings on the Bible’) and Everett Fox (‘Wiesel as interpreter of biblical narrative’). Avaiable as both an ebook and in hard copy

    11. Representing the irreparable: the Shoah, the Bible, and the art of Samuel Bak - Danna Nolan Fewell, Gary Allen Phillips, Yvonne Sherwood 2008

      Book Background

    12. Icon of loss: the haunting child of Samuel Bak - Danna Nolan Fewell, Samuel Bak, Gary Allen Phillips c2009

      Book Background

    13. Ḥurban: responses to catastrophe in Hebrew literature - Alan L. Mintz 1984

      Book Background Read pp. 1-83, 155-269

    14. Imagery from Genesis in Holocaust memoirs: a critical study - Deborah Lee Prescott 2010

      Book Background Read pp. 5-30, 100-130, 166-180 & 181-183

    15. The Meaning of the "Akedah" in Israeli Culture and Jewish Tradition - Avi Sagi 1998

      Article Background Published in Israel Studies 3:1, pp. 45-60

    16. Messengers of God: biblical portraits andlegends - Elie Wiesel 1994

      Book Background

    17. Five biblical portraits - Elie Wiesel c1981

      Book Background

  11. Richard L. Rubenstein: Living in 'the age of the death of God' 25 items
    1. Key Texts 7 items
      1. Wrestling with God: Jewish responses during and after the Holocaust - Shlomo Biderman, Gershon Greenberg, Steven T. Katz 2007

        Book Essential Available as both an ebook accessible via FindIt@Bham and in hard copy. Read the extracts from the 1966 edition of After Auschwitz, now out of print (pp. 582-594)

      2. After Auschwitz: history, theology, and contemporary Judaism - Richard L. Rubenstein c1992

        Book Essential Read pp. 1-13, 140-209, 234-246 & 293-306

      3. Jewish identity in the postmodern age: scholarly and personal reflections - Charles Selengut 1999

        Book Recommended Read Rubenstein's essay 'Reflections on identity and memory' (pp. 179-196)

      4. God as cosmic sadist - Rubenstein, Richard L 1970

        Article Recommended 'God as cosmic sadist: In reply to Emil Fackenheim' was publsihed in Christian Century (29 July, 1970). RLR is responding to what he consdiered unfair criticism of him by Fackenheim in an earlier article by ELF in the same journal. Fascinating to see two leading contributors to JRR publicly airing their grievances with each other in the pages of a Christian journal with a primarily Christian readership.

      5. Reflections on Emil L. Fackenheim (1916-2003): The Man and His Holocaust Philosophy: Introduction - Zev Garber 2004

        Article Recommended Read 'Concerning Emil Fackenheim: A personal statement' in Zev Garber et al (2004), ‘Reflections on Emil L Fackenheim z’’l (1916-2003): The man and his Holocaust philosophy’, Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies 22:4: 123-30 - accessible electronically via Project MUSE

      6. There is Nothing Final About the Death of God > Richard L. Rubenstein

        Webpage Recommended Article published in New English Review in April 2010

      7. God after the Death of God > Richard L. Rubenstein

        Webpage Recommended A revised version of chapter 16 of the second edition of Richard L. Rubenstein's After Auschwitz, published in New England Review, November 2014

    2. Further relevant publications by Rubenstein 4 items
      1. Auschwitz and covenant theology - Rubenstein, Richard L 1969

        Article Recommended Read Rubenstein's article 'Auschwitz and covenant theology', published in Christian Century 86:21 (21 May 1969): 716-718

      2. The German church struggle and the Holocaust - Franklin Hamlin Littell, Hubert G. Locke, International Scholars' Conference, Walker and Gertrude Cisler Library 1974

        Book Background Read Rubenstein's essay 'Some perspectives on religious faith after Auschwitz' (pp. 256-68)

      3. What have we learned?: telling the story and teaching the lessons of the Holocaust : papers of the 20th anniversary Scholars' Conference - Alan L. Berger, Franklin Hamlin Littell, Hubert G. Locke, Scholar's Conference on the Holocaust and the Churches 1993

        Book Background Read Rubenstein's essay 'How my mind has changed' (pp. 15-24)

      4. Why I Have Written "Jihad and Genocide" > Richard L. Rubenstein

        Webpage Background Essay by Rubenstein publishewd in New English Review, February 2010

    3. Analysis of Rubenstein's approach 14 items
      1. Richard Lowell Rubenstein: a renegade son is honored at home - Berenbaum, Michael 1988

        Article Recommended Published in Journal of Ecumenical Studies 25:2 (1988), pp. 262-267

      2. "Hitler's Accomplice?": The Tragic Theology of Richard Rubenstein - Zachary Braiterman 1997

        Article Recommended Published in Modern Judaism 17:1 (1997): 75-89

      3. Encountering the Jewish future: with Elie Wiesel, Martin Buber, Abraham Joshua Heschel, Hannah Arendt, Emmanuel Levinas - Marc H. Ellis c2011

        Book Recommended Read pp. 13-51. Ellis studied under Rubenstein.

      4. Post-holocaust dialogues: critical studies in modern Jewish thought - Steven T. Katz 1983

        Book Recommended Read the chapter on Rubenstein (pp. 174-205)

      5. Richard L. Rubenstein and the Death of “Ghetto Judaism” - Barbara Krawcowicz 2015

        Article Recommended Read Barbara Krawcowicz' article, published in Shofar 33:3 (2015): 27-45

      6. The Implications of the Holocaust - Jacob Neusner 1973

        Article Recommended Published in Journal of Religion 53:3 (1973), pp. 293-308

      7. Hearing the voices: teaching the Holocaust to future generations : proceedings of the 27th Annual Scholars Conference on the Holocaust and Churches, Marh 2-4, 1997, Tampa, Florida - Michael Hayse, Scholars' Conference on the Holocaust and the Churches Struggle 1999

        Book Recommended Read essays by Zev Garber ('Thoughts on and from the thought of Richard L. Rubenstein'), John Pawlikowski ('Rubenstein's God: Dead or alive?') and John Roth ('The Holocaust as a holy war: An exploration of Richard L Rubenstein's recent thought'))

      8. What kind of God?: essays in honor of Richard L. Rubenstein - Michael Berenbaum, Betty Rogers Rubenstein 1995

        Book Background

      9. Elie Wiesel: God, the Holocaust, and the children of Israel - Michael Berenbaum 1994

        Book Background Read pp. 160-171

      10. Choices in modern Jewish thought: a partisan guide - Eugene B. Borowitz c1995

        Book Background Read pp. 193-199

      11. Ending Auschwitz: the future of Jewish and Christian life - Marc H. Ellis c1994

        Book Background Read pp. 16-22

      12. Richard L. Rubenstein: Theologian of the Holocaust - Hellig, Jocelyn Sep 1, 1988

        Article Background Published in Journal for the Study of Religion 1:2 (1988): 53-65

      13. Intersecting pathways: modern Jewish theologians in conversation with Christianity - Marc A. Krell 2003

        Book Background Read pp. 69-102

      14. Is God a white racist?: a preamble to Black theology - William R Jones c1998

        Book Background Read pp. 175-184

  12. Elie Wiesel and the trial of God 46 items
    1. Key Texts 3 items
      1. Night - Elie Wiesel, Marion Wiesel 2006

        Book Essential Please note there is an earlier English translation of Night by Stella Rodway (1960). Use this later one (2006), by Wiesel's wife Marion, as he nelieves that it is closer to the meaning of the original French text, La Nuit.

      2. The trial of God (as it was held on February 25, 1649, in Shamgorod): a play - Elie Wiesel, Marion Wiesel c1995

        Book Recommended

      3. Twilight: a novel - Elie Wiesel, Marion Wiesel 1995

        Book Background

    2. Key articles and essays by Wiesel 4 items
      1. Against silence: the voice and vision of Elie Wiesel - Elie Wiesel, Irving Abrahamson 1985

        Book Recommended Three volumes. A significant early article from 1967 is 'Jewish values in the Post-Holocaust future' (Volume I, pp. 203-207) . See also Volume 1: pp. 9-38, 185-190, 229-257, 351-352, 361-375; Volume 2: pp. 17-24; Volume 3: pp. 197-271

      2. Art and Culture After the Holocaust

        Article Recommended Published in Cross Currents 26:3 (1976), pp. 258-269

      3. Recalling swallowed-up worlds: How my mind has changed; 20th in a series - Wiesel, Elie 1928- 1981

        Article Recommended Published in Christian Century 98:219 (27 May 1981): 609-612 - accessible electronically via ATLA

      4. From the kingdom of memory: reminiscences - Elie Wiesel c1995

        Book Recommended Read 'Why I write' (pp. 13-22), 'To believe or not to believe' (pp. 23-36), 'Sighet again' (pp. 123-130), 'Making the ghosts speak' (pp. 135-146), 'Passover' (pp. 147-154) and 'Trivializing memory' (pp. 165-172)

    3. Interviews by Wiesel 4 items
      1. Elie Wiesel: first person singular - Robert Gardner 2004 (videorecording)

        Audio-visual document Recommended A television documentary released to coincide with the publication of the English translation of the first volume of EW's memoirs, All Rivers Run to the Sea.

      2. Elie Wiesel: conversations - Elie Wiesel, Robert Franciosi 2002

        Book Recommended Read pp. 40-57, 69-98, 103-140 & 146-173. An essential collection of some of EW's most important interviews.

      3. Conversations with Elie Wiesel - Harry J. Cargas, Harry J. Cargas 1992

        Book Recommended A good early book-length interview with EW

      4. Evil and exile - Elie Wiesel, Philippe de Saint-Cheron c1990

        Book Background Read pp. 7-64, 144-150 & 153-192. This is the 1990 edition, there is also a slightly expanded second edition published in 2000.

    4. Memoirs by Wiesel 3 items
      1. All rivers run to the sea: memoirs - Elie Wiesel 1995

        Book Recommended Read pp. 1-105 (the chapter 'Darkness' [pp. 53-98] which covers the time EW spent in Auschwitz), 319-380 & 383-418

      2. And the sea is never full: memoirs, 1969- - Elie Wiesel 2000

        Book Recommended Read pp. 66-70, 117-137, 159-164, 253-274, 355-365 and 403-410.

      3. Open heart - Elie Wiesel 2012

        Book Background A brief memoir, with EW looking back on his life following heart surgery.

    5. On Night 16 items
      1. Elie Wiesel: between memory and hope - Carol Ann Rittner 1990

        Book Recommended Read Carol Rittner, 'An interview with Elie Wiesel' (pp. 30-41)

      2. A thousand darknesses: lies and truth in Holocaust fiction - Ruth Franklin 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'The kabbalist in the death camps' (pp. 69-87). Available as both an ebook and in hard copy.

      3. A thousand darknesses: lies and truth in Holocaust fiction - Ruth Franklin 2011

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'The kabbalist in the death camps' (pp. 69-87). Available as both an ebook and in hard copy.

      4. Revisiting Wiesel’s Night in Yiddish, French, and English - Alan Astro 2014

        Article Recommended Published in Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas 12:1 (2014): 127-153

      5. Elie Wiesel : Jewish, Literary, and Moral Perspectives - Steven T. Katz 2013

        Book Recommended Read Lawrence Langer's essay 'Whose testimony? The confusion of fiction with fact' (pp. 201-210). Available both as an ebook and in hard copy

      6. Elie Wiesel: Jewish, literary, and moral perspectives - Steven T. Katz, Alan Rosen c2013

        Book Recommended Read Lawrence Langer's essay 'Whose testimony? The confusion of fiction with fact' (pp. 201-210). Available both as an ebook and in hard copy

      7. Revising Night: Elie Wiesel and the hazards of Holocaust theology - Manseau, Peter 2006

        Article Recommended Published in Cross Currents (Fall 2006): 387-399

      8. Elie Wiesel's Night - Harold Bloom 2010

        Book Recommended New edition. Read essays by Eva Fleischner ('Mauriac's preface to Night: Thirty years later'), Daniel Schwartz ('Imagining the Holocaust') and Sara Horowitz ('Boyhood unraveled: Elie Wiesel's Night')

      9. Elie Wiesel's secretive texts - Colin Davis c1994

        Book Background Read pp. 52-62 & 142-143

      10. Crises of memory and the Second World War - Susan Rubin Suleiman 2006

        Book Background Read the chapter 'Revision and self-correction' (pp. 172-177)

      11. Imagining the Holocaust - Daniel R. Schwarz 2000

        Book Background Read pp. 45-73

      12. Night - Elie Wiesel, Harold Bloom 2001

        Book Background Read essays by Lawrence Cunningham ('Night as Wiesel's anti-exodus') and Eva Fleischner ('A letter to Wiesel questions Night's preface')

      13. Silence in the novels of Elie Wiesel - Simon P. Sibelman 1995

        Book Background Read pp. 31-44

      14. Teaching the representation of the Holocaust - Marianne Hirsch, Irene Kacandes, Modern Language Association of America 2004

        Book  Read Gary Weissman's essay 'Questioning key texts: A pedagogical approach to teaching Elie Wiesel's Night' (pp. 324-336)

    6. Collections of essays on Wiesel and his work 6 items
      1. Elie Wiesel and the art of storytelling - Rosemary Horowitz c2006

        Book Background

      2. Obliged by memory: literature, religion, ethics - Steven T. Katz, Alan Rosen, Elie Wiesel 2005

        Book Background

      3. Elie Wiesel: between memory and hope - Carol Ann Rittner 1990

        Book Recommended

      4. Celebrating Elie Wiesel: stories, essays, reflections - Alan Rosen c1998

        Book Background

    7. Responses to/analysis of EW's approach 10 items
      1. Themes in jewish-christian relations - Edward Kessler, Melanie Jane Wright 2005

        Book Essential Read Isabel Wollaston's essay 'Telling the tale: The self-reresentation and reception of Elie Wiesel' (pp. 151-169)

      2. Europe in the eyes of survivors of the Holocaust 2014

        Book Recommended Read Michael Berenbaum's essay 'Elie Wiesel: French writer, world statesman, cosmopolitan Jew' (pp. 207-229)

      3. Interpreters of Judaism in the late twentieth century - Steven T. Katz c1993

        Book Recommended Read Alan Berger's essay on EW (pp. 369-391)

      4. Remembering and imagining the Holocaust: the chain of memory - C. W. E. Bigsby 2006

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Elie Wiesel: To forget is to deny' (pp. 318-340). Available both as an ebook and in hard copy.

      5. Remembering and Imagining the Holocaust - Christopher Bigsby 2006

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Elie Wiesel: To forget is to deny' (pp. 318-340). Available both as an ebook and in hard copy.

      6. Elie Wiesel and the politics of moral leadership - Mark Chmiel 2001

        Book Recommended Read pp. 1-50, 79-114 & 151-171. A controversial text accusing EW of double standards in his atttude to the sufferings of Palestinians

      7. Elie Wiesel: God, the Holocaust, and the children of Israel - Michael Berenbaum 1994

        Book Background Read pp. 9-51, 69-151 & 181-202

      8. Hating God : The Untold Story of Misotheism - Schweizer, Bernard 2010

        Book Background Read pp. 149-171. Available as an ebook.

      9. Is God man's friend?: theodicy and friendship in Elie Wiesel's novels - Carole J. Lambert 2006

        Book Background

      10. Ethics after Auschwitz?: Primo Levi's and Elie Wiesel's response - Carole J. Lambert c2011

        Book Background

  13. Emil L Fackenheim: the '614th commandment' and the the Jewish return into history 35 items
    1. Key Texts 7 items
      1. EMIL L. FACKENHEIM Summer 1967

        Article Essential ELF's seminal contribution to the symposium 'Jewish values in the post-Holocaust future', Judaism 16:3 (1967): 269-273. This is when he first introduced his idea of a '614th commandment'; also reprinted in Fackenheim, The Jewish Return into History (pp. 19-24)

      2. Emil L Fackenheim: the development of my thought - Fackenheim, Emil L 1916-2003 1987

        Article Essential An important retrospective account by ELF of significant transition points in the development of his JRR. Accessible electronically via ATLA in FindIt@Bham. Published in Religious Studies Review 13:3: 204-206

      3. To mend the world: foundations of post-Holocaust Jewish thought - Emil L. Fackenheim 1994

        Book Essential pp. xxvii-xlix

      4. To mend the world: foundations of future Jewish thought - Emil L. Fackenheim 1982

        Book Recommended pp. xi-xxv, 9-30 & 190-313

      5. Jewish philosophers and Jewish philosophy - Emil L. Fackenheim, Michael L. Morgan 1996

        Book Essential Read Fackenheim's essay 'The 614th commandment revisited' (pp. 193-194)

      6. The Jewish thought of Emil Fackenheim: a reader - Emil L. Fackenheim, Michael L. Morgan 1987

        Book Recommended Read Part Three Section II: The exposure to Auschwitz and the 614th commandment' (pp. 157-183) and Part Three Section III: Resistance and Tikkun Olam (pp. 190-198), 255-94 & 323-329

      7. Why the Holocaust is unique - Fackenheim, Emil LPatterson, David Fall 2001

        Article Recommended ELF, 'Why the Holocaust is unique' with commentary by David Patterson, puublished in Judaism 50:4 (2001): 438-447

    2. Further relevant works by Fackenheim 7 items
      1. An epitaph for German Judaism: from Halle to Jerusalem - Emil L. Fackenheim c2007

        Book Recommended Read pp. 158-178

      2. God's presence in history: Jewish affirmations and philosophical reflections - Emil L. Fackenheim 1997

        Book Recommended Read pp. ix-xvi, 3-34 & 67-98, first published in 1970. This 1997 edition also contains a new preface (pp. ix-xvi) and reprints ELF's article 'The Holocaust and the State of Israel: Their relation', first published in the Encyclopedia Judaica Yearbook 1974 (pp. xvii-xxx). This article is also reprinted in Fackenheim, The Jewish Return into History (pp. 273-286)

      3. The God I believe in: conversations with the Bostoner Rebbe ... [et al.] - Joshua O. Haberman, Levi Isaac Horowitz c1994

        Book Recommended Read the author's interview with Fackenheim (pp. 37-61)

      4. Good and evil after Auschwitz: ethical implications for today - Jack Bemporad, John Pawlikowski, Joseph Sievers 2000

        Book Background Read ELF's essay 'Abraham's covenant under assault: The need for a post-Holocaust theology' (pp. 3-19)

      5. Concerning Authentic and Unauthentic Responses to the Holocaust - Fackenheim, E. L. 1986

        Article Background Published in Holocaust and Genocide Studies 1:1 (1986): 101-120

      6. The uniqueness of the Nazi Jewish genocide: The murder of my uncle Adolf Goldberg∗ - Emil L. Fackenheim 03/1999

        Article Recommended Published in Journal of Genocide Research 1:1 (1999): 123-126

      7. In memory of Leo Baeck, and other Jewish thinkers "In dark times": Once more, "After Auschwitz, Jerusalem" - Fackenheim, Emil L Summer 2002

        Article Background Published in Judaism 51:3 (2002): 282-292

    3. Analyses of Fackenheim's approach 21 items
      1. 'For thy breach is great like the sea, who can heal thee' - Shapiro, Susan E 1987

        Article Essential Published in Religious Studies Review 13:3 (1987): 210-213

      2. Philosopher As Witness : Fackenheim and Responses to the Holocaust 2008

        Book Recommended Read the essays by David Blumenthal ('Emil Fackenheim: Theodicy and the tikkun of portest'), David Patterson (Man or Muslmann? Fackenheim's elaboration of Levi's question'), Benjamin Pollock ('Of systems and the systematic laboor of thought: Fackenheim as philosopher of his time') and Susan Shapiro ('Hegel's ghost: "Witbess" and "testimony" in the post-Holocaust philosophy of Emil Fackenheim'). Available as an ebook and in hard copy.

      3. The philosopher as witness: Fackenheim and responses to the Holocaust - Michael L. Morgan, Benjamin Pollock 2008

        Book Recommended Read the essays by David Blumenthal ('Emil Fackenheim: Theodicy and the tikkun of portest'), David Patterson (Man or Muslmann? Fackenheim's elaboration of Levi's question'), Benjamin Pollock ('Of systems and the systematic laboor of thought: Fackenheim as philosopher of his time') and Susan Shapiro ('Hegel's ghost: "Witbess" and "testimony" in the post-Holocaust philosophy of Emil Fackenheim'). Available as an ebook and in hard copy.

      4. Emil L. Fackenheim [electronic resource] : philosopher, theologian, Jew 2008

        Book Recommended Read the essays by Michael Oppenheim ('Between Halle and Jerusalem', Michael Morgan 'Fackenheim's hermeneutical circle'), and Martin Plax ('Fackenheim's paradoxical 614th commadnment: Some personal reflections'). Available as an ebook and in hard copy

      5. Fideism Redux: Emil Fackenheim and the State of Israel - Zachary Braiterman 1997

        Article Recommended Published in Jewish Social Studies 4:1: 105-120

      6. 'Midrash in Emil Fackenheim's Holocaust Theology' - Eisen, R

        Article Recommended Publsihed in Harvard Theological Review 96:3 (2003): 369-392

      7. EMIL L. FACKENHEIM'S RESPONSE TO A LETTER: REFLECTIONS BY THE AUTHOR ON - Kenneth Hart Green 11/2013

        Article Recommended Published in Jouurnal of Modern Jewish Studies 12:3 (2013): 436-458

      8. Encounters of Consequence : Jewish Philosophy in the Twentieth Century and Beyond - Michael Oppenheim 2009

        Book Recommended Read the essays 'Can we still stay with him? Two Jewish theologians confront the Holocaust' and 'Theology and community: The work of Emil Fackenheim'. Available as both an ebook and in hard copy

      9. Encounters of consequence - Michael D. Oppenheim 2009

        Book Recommended Read the essays 'Can we still stay with him? Two Jewish theologians confront the Holocaust' and 'Theology and community: The work of Emil Fackenheim'. Available as both an ebook and in hard copy

      10. Thought Going to School with Life? Fackenheim's Last Philosophical Testament - Benjamin Pollock 2007

        Article Recommended Published in Association of Jewish Studies Review 31:1: 133-159

      11. EMIL FACKENHEIM'S RADICAL MONOTHEISM - RICHARD L. RUBENSTEIN 1974

        Article Recommended Published in Soundings 57:2 (1974): 236-251

      12. Abraham's promise: Judaism and Jewish-Christian relations - Michael Wyschogrod, R. Kendall Soulen 2004

        Book Recommended Read Michael Wyschogrod, Faith and the Holocaust' (pp. 111-120), first published in Judaism 20:3 (1971): 286-294

      13. The Central Problem of Fackenheim's To Mend the World - Michael Morgan 01/12/1996

        Article Recommended Published in Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 5:2 (1996): 297-312

      14. Elie Wiesel: God, the Holocaust, and the children of Israel - Michael Berenbaum 1994

        Book Background Read pp. 154-160

      15. The Cambridge companion to modern Jewish philosophy - Peter Eli Gordon, Michael L. Morgan 2007

        Book Background Read Michael Morgan's essay 'Fackenheim, the Holocaust, and philosophy' (pp. 256-276)

      16. Fackenheim's Jewish philosophy : an introduction - Morgan, Michael L. 1944- author. 2013

        Book Background

      17. The Implications of the Holocaust - Jacob Neusner 1973

        Article Background Published in Journal of Religion 55:3: 293-308

      18. Emil L. Fackenheim: a Jewish philosopher's response to the Holocaust - David Patterson 2008

        Book Background Read pp. 92-185

  14. Yom Hashoah and liturgical responses to the Holocaust 27 items
    1. Key Texts 5 items
      1. The texture of memory: holocaust memorials and meaning - James Edward Young 1993

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'When a day remembers: A performative history of Yom hashoah' (pp. 263-281)

      2. 'Remembered through Rejection: Yom HaShoah in the Ashkenazi Haredi Daily Press 1950-2000' - Ebenstein, R

        Article Recommended Published in Israel Studies 8:3 (2003): 141-167

    2. Liturgy/resources 10 items
      1. Megilat ha-Shoʾah =: The Shoah scroll : a Holocaust liturgy - Mekhon Shekhṭer le-madaʻe ha-Yahadut, Rabbinical Assembly 2004

        Book Background

      2. Liturgies on the Holocaust: an interfaith anthology - Sharon Weissman Gutman, Marcia Sachs Littell c1996

        Book  Read pp. 21-43, 61-72, 85-97, 101-112, 123-134 & 182-188

    3. Analyses 12 items
      1. "In perfect faith": Jewish religious commemoration of the Holocaust - Judith Tydor Baumel 03/2001

        Article Recommended Published in Studies in Religion 30:1 (2001): 5-21

      2. Shoah: the paradigmatic genocide : essays in exegesis and eisegesis - Zev Garber c1994

        Book Recommended Read the chapter 'Dating the Holocaust: In your blood shall you live' (pp. 67-78)

      3. The Jewish way: living the holidays - Irving Greenberg 1993

        Chapter Recommended Read the chapter 'The shattered paradigm: Yom Hashoah' (pp. 314-372)

      4. Models and mirrors: towards an anthropology of public events - Don Handelman 1998

        Book Recommended Read pp. 191-223

      5. Is Yom HaShoah an Iyyar Event? - WOLOWELSKY, JOEL B Winter 1992

        Article Recommended Published in Judaism 41:1: 46-58

      6. Jewish insights on death and mourning - Jack Riemer 2002

        Book Background

      7. Contemplating the holocaust - Bernhard H. Rosenberg, Chaim Z. Rozawski 1999

        Book Background Read the chapter 'Jewish memorial days and the Holocaust' (pp. 91-112)

      8. Communicating awe: media memory and Holocaust commemoration - Oren Mayers, Eyal Zandberg, Mordechai Neiger 2014

        Book Background

      9. The Jewish experience of time: philosophical dimensions of the Jewish holy day - Eliezer Schweid c2000

        Book Background Read pp. 219-276

      10. The seventh million: the Israelis and the Holocaust - Tom Segev 2000

        Book Background Read pp. 436-442

      11. Recovered roots: collective memory and the making of Israeli national tradition - Yael Zerubavel 1995

        Book Background Read pp. 138-144 & 216-221

  15. March of the Living (MoL): pilgrimage, performance and identity rituals -further reading (for essay) 14 items
    1. Museums and communities: the politics of public culture - Ivan Karp, Christine Mullen Kreamer, Steven D. Lavine c1992

      Book Recommended Read Jack Kugelmass' essay 'The rites of the tribe: American Jewish tourism' (pp. 382-427)

    2. Going home - Jack Kugelmass 1993

      Book Recommended Read Jack Kugelmass' essay 'The rites of the tribe' (pp. 395-453), an earlier version of the essay above

    3. Polish-Jewish relations in North America - Mieczysław B. Biskupski, Antony Polonsky, American Association for Polish-Jewish Studies, Institute for Polish-Jewish Studies (Oxford, England) 2007

      Book Recommended Read Rona Shermay's essay 'From Auschwitz to Jerusalem: re-enacting Jewish History in the March of the Living' in Miecyslaw Biskupski and Antony Polonsky (eds.), Polin: Studies in Polish Jewtu, Volume 19: Polish-Jewish Relations in America (2006). Available in hard copy and electronically

    4. Rethinking Poles and Jews: troubled past, brighter future - Robert D. Cherry, Annamaria Orla-Bukowska c2007 (electronic resource)

      Book Recommended Read Caroline Slutsky's essay 'March of the Living: Confronting anti-Polish stereotypes' (pp. 189-196). Available electronically and in hard copy

    5. Rethinking Poles and Jews: troubled past, brighter future - Robert D. Cherry, Annamaria Orla-Bukowska 2007

      Book Recommended Read Caroline Slutsky's essay 'March of the Living: Confronting anti-Polish stereotypes' (pp. 189-196). Available electronically and in hard copy

    6. The pain of knowledge: holocaust and genocide issues in education - Yair Auron 2005

      Book Background Read pp. 65-72

    7. Sociology confronts the Holocaust: memories and identities in Jewish diasporas - Judith Madeleine Gerson, Diane L. Wolf 2007

      Book Background Read Caryn Aviv and David Shneer's essay 'Travelling Jews, creating memory: Eastern Europe, Isreal and the diaspora business' (pp. 67-83)

    8. The Art of memory: Holocaust memorials in history - James Edward Young, Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.) 1994

      Book Background Read Saul Friedlander's essay 'Memory of the Shoah in Israel: symbols, rituals and ideological polarization' (pp. 149-157)

    9. The Art of memory: Holocaust memorials in history - James Edward Young, Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.) 1994

      Book Background Read Jack Kuglemass' essay 'Why we go to Poland: Holocaust tourism as secular ritual' (pp. 175-183)

    10. The seventh million: the Israelis and the Holocaust - Tom Segev 2000

      Book Background Read pp. 3-14, 323-384, 398-404, 419-517

  16. Melissa Raphael and Jewish feminist religious responses to the Holocaust 25 items
    1. Key Texts 3 items
      1. The female face of God in Auschwitz: a Jewish feminist theology of the Holocaust - Melissa Raphael 2003

        Book Essential In particular, read pp. 4-13, 19-42 & 59-127

      2. The female face of God in Auschwitz - Melissa Raphael 2003 ([electronic resource] :)

        Book Essential In particular, read pp. 4-13, 19-42 & 59-127

      3. Humanity at the limit: the impact of the Holocaust experience on Jews and Christians - Michael Alan Signer 2000

        Book Recommended Read Rachel Adler's essay '"Pour out your heart like water": Towards a Jewish feminist theology of the Holocaust' (pp. 161-171)

    2. Further articles, essays and books by Melissa Raphael 9 items
      1. From Historiography to Theography: Reflections on the Role of Theological Aesthetics in The Female Face of God in Auschwitz - Melissa Raphael

        Article Recommended MR's response to a roundatable on her work at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Montreal. Published in Holocaust Studies 15:3 (2009)

      2. Is Patriarchal Theology Still Patriarchal? Reading Theologies of the Holocaust from a Feminist Perspective - Melissa Raphael 2002

        Article Recommended Published in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion 18:2 (2002): 105-115

      3. 'I Will Be Who I Will Be’: The Representation of God in Postmodern Jewish Feminist Theology and Contemporary Religious Education - Melissa Raphael 03/1999

        Article Recommended Publsihed in British Journal of Religious Education 21:2 (1999): 69-79

      4. When God Beheld God: Notes Towards a Jewish Feminist Theology of the Holocaust - Melissa Raphael 05/1999

        Article Recommended Published in Feminist Theology 21 (1999): 53-78

      5. Feminist philosophy of religion: critical readings - Pamela Sue Anderson, Beverley Clack 2003

        Book Background Read MR's essay 'The price of (masculine) freedom and becoming: A Jewish feminist response to Eliezer Berkovits' post-Holocaust free-will defence of God's non-intervention in Auschwitz'

      6. Gender, religion, and diversity: cross-cultural perspectives - Tina Beattie, Ursula King 2005

        Book Recommended Read MR's essay 'From women's history to feminist theology: Gender, witness and community in religious narration of the Holocaust' (pp. 101-112)pp. 101-112

      7. Gender, Religion and Diversity : Cross-Cultural Perspectives - Ursula King and Tina Beattie 2005

        Book Recommended MR's essay 'From women's history to feminist theology: Gender, witness and community in religious narration of the Holocaust' (pp. 101-112)pp. 101-112

      8. Feminist Theology and the Jewish Tradition - Melissa Raphael 10/11/2011

        Book Background Read MR's chapter 'Feminist theology and the Jewish tradition' in Sheila Briggs & Mary McClintock Fulkerson (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Feminist Theology

      9. Judaism and the visual image: a Jewish theology of art - Melissa Raphael 2009

        Book Background

    3. Reviews of The Female Face of God in Auschwitz 5 items
      1. Constructing a Jewish Feminist Theology of the Holocaust - Katharina von Kellenbach 04/2004

        Article Recommended A review article published in Reviews in Religion and Theology 11:2 (2004): 171-175

      2. The female face of God in Auschwitz: a Jewish feminist theology of the holocaust

        Article Recommended Review published in Feminist Theory 6:1 (2005): 104-105

      3. Review: The Female Face of God in Auschwitz: A Jewish Feminist Theology of the Holocaust - C. P. Christ 01/06/2005

        Article Background Review by a leading exponent of feminist thealogy published in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion 73:2 (2005): 577-580

      4. The female face of God at Auschwitz: a Jewish theology of the Holocaust - Grey, Mary C 2006

        Article Background Review published in Feminist Theology 15:1 (2006): 124-126

    4. Melissa Raphael - responses to her work 8 items
      1. A Roundtable Discussion on Melissa Raphael’s The Female Face of God in Auschwitz: Introduction - Katharina Von Kellenbach

        Article Recommended The chair's introduction to a roundatable on MR's work at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Montreal

      2. Seeking the Female Face of God: A Feminist Liturgical Reading - Alana M. Vincent

        Article Recommended Part of a roundatable on MR's work at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Montreal

      3. The Presence of God at Auschwitz: Theological Reflections on the Work of Melissa Raphael - Ellen M. Umansky

        Article Recommended Part of a roundatable on MR's work at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Montreal

      4. Swimming against the Tide? Melissa Raphael’s Contribution to the Study of Jewish Religious Responses to the Holocaust

        Article Recommended Part of a roundatable on MR's work at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Montreal

      5. Feminist theology and the Holocaust - Litchfield, S

        Article Background Published in Feminist Theology 18:3 (2010): 332-340

      6. ‘A New Collection of Holy Scriptures’? Assessing Three Ascriptions of the Sacred to Holocaust Testimony within Jewish Theology - David Tollerton

        Article Background Interesting discussion of Raphael's approach to testimony, published in Holocaust Studies 14:3 (2008): 61-84 - only a sction of the article is on MR!

      7. Making Sanctuary for the Divine: Exploring Melissa Raphael’s Holocaust Theology - Christopher Pramuk 2017

        Article Background Published in Studies of Christian-Jewish Relations 12:1 (2017): 1-16

      8. Amidst mass atrocity and the rubble of theology: searching for a viable theodicy - Peter Admirand c2012

        Book Background Read pp. 213-216

  17. David R Blumenthal: Facing the Abusing God 18 items
    1. Key Texts 3 items
      1. Facing the abusing God: a theology of protest - David R. Blumenthal c1993

        Book Essential In particular read pp. xv-xxiv & 195-299

      2. Blumenthal, D, 'Theodicy: Dissonance in theory and praxis' in Tracy, D & Haring, H (eds.) 'The Fascination of Evil', Concilium, 1998

        Webpage Essential Article in which DRB responds to criticisms of Facing the Absuing God, first published in David Tracy and Hermann Haring (eds.), The Fascination of Evil, Concilium (1998): 95-106. Accessible via DRB's website

    2. Further relevant articles 7 items
      1. David R. Blumenthal : Living with God and Humanity 2014

        Book Recommended Hava Tirosh-Samuelson and Aaron W Hughes, Interview with David R Blumenthal, September 2, 2012 (pp. 111-151)

      2. David R. Blumenthal: living with God and humanity 2014

        Book Recommended Hava Tirosh-Samuelson and Aaron W Hughes, Interview with David R Blumenthal, September 2, 2012 (pp. 111-151)

      3. From the unthinkable to the unavoidable: American Christian and Jewish scholars encounter the Holocaust - Carol Ann Rittner, John K. Roth 1997

        Chapter Recommended Read DRB's essay 'From anger to inquiry' (pp. 149-155); also accessible electonically via DRB's hoempage,http://www.js.emory.edu/BLUMENTHAL/

      4. The violence of God: Dialogic fragments

        Chapter Recommended Published in Cross Currents 51:2 (2001): 177-200

      5. God in the fray: a tribute to Walter Brueggemann - Timothy K. Beal, Walter Brueggemann, Tod Linafelt c1998

        Book Recommended Read DRB's essay 'Confronting the character of God: Text and praxis' (pp. 38-51); also accessible electronically via DRB's homepage, http://www.js.emory.edu/BLUMENTHAL/

      6. David Blumenthal's homepage at Emory University

        Webpage Background Website. Read DRB's article 'Where God is not: The Book of Esther and the Song of Songs', originanly publsihed in Judaism, 44:1 (1995): 80-92 - accessible electronically via DRB's website, http://www.js.emory.edu/BLUMENTHAL/.

      7. 'On teaching the Holocaust' - Blumenthal, D

        Article Background Published in The Reconstructionist 46:2 (1980): 12-18

    3. Reviews of 'Facing the Abusing God' 3 items
      1. Recent Perspectives on the Holocaust - Johnson, Dale A (Editor) 1996

        Article Background Especially pp. 206-209

      2. 'Contemporary Jewish theologies: An essay review' - Brumberg-Kraus, J

        Article Background Especially pp. 89-90 & 93

    4. Critical analysis of Blumenthal's contribution to JRR 5 items
      1. Journal of Religion and Society 2000

        Webpage Recommended Read Isabel Wollaston's article 'The Possibility and Plausibility of Divine Abusiveness or Sadism as the Premise for a Religious Response to the Holocaust', Journal of Religion andf Society 2 (2000) - accessible online from http://moses.creighton.edu/JRs/toc/2000.html.

      2. Amidst mass atrocity and the rubble of theology: searching for a viable theodicy - Peter Admirand c2012

        Book Background Read pp. 205-209

      3. Unholy alliance: religion and atrocity in our time - Marc H. Ellis 1997

        Book Recommended Read pp. 138-141

      4. Hating God [electronic resource] : the untold story of misotheism - Schweizer, Bernard 1962- 2010

        Book Background Read pp. 169-70 and 175. See also DRB.s response to Schweizer in an open letter on his homepage

      5. Protesting an Abusive God

        Webpage  DRB's response to Bernard Schweizer's analysis of his work in Hating God: The Untold Story of Misotheism (2010)